#356. Parodies

There’s a very fine line between a film that’s self-aware and a parody. Often, a self-aware movie is one that ascribes to the tropes of a particular genre but does so with a tongue-in-cheek knowing wink. Parodies are usually films that play off the success of another film (or series/franchise of films) to make fun of the little foibles that make the referenced film so successful. In terms of straight comedy, these movies rely on previous knowledge of source material endemic to the popular culture surrounding it. Consequently, while parodies are seen as “lower” comedy, and are rarely taken seriously (for obvious reasons), by piggybacking on a pop culture phenomenon, some of these parodies are almost as well-known as the movies they’re parodying. This week’s two films examine some successes from the golden age of parody: the 1980s.

Year: 1987
Rating: PG
Length: 96 minutes / 1.60 hours

Despite acts like Abbot and Costello and The Marx Brothers being some of the trailblazers of parodies, the sub-genre of comedy didn’t really take off until the late 1970s and early 1980s. Part of this stemmed from the box office successes of big-budget action films, which themselves were ripe for parody. No genre, film, or franchise is safe from parody. Documentaries were parodied in This is Spinal Tap (1984), Frankenstein (1931) was parodied in Young Frankenstein (1974), and the James Bond franchise was parodied by the Austin Powers franchise. Of course, one of the kings of film parodies is none other than Mel Brooks. He parodied Broadway musicals in The Producers (1968), westerns in Blazing Saddles (1974), and the epitome of the space opera, Star Wars (1977), in Spaceballs (1987).

Planet Spaceball is in trouble! They’ve run out of fresh air, and now President Skroob (Mel Brooks) is trying to figure out how to steal the clean air from nearby planet Druidia. By holding Princess Vespa (Daphne Zuniga) hostage, Skroob believes he can get the access codes for Druidia’s atmosphere shield. Before Dark Helmet (Rick Moranis) can arrive to kidnap the princess, she runs away from home, causing her father to hire the mercenary Lone Starr (Bill Pullman) to pursue her. While Lone Starr gets to Vespa first, his spacecraft runs out of fuel, causing them to crash land on a desert planet. While Lone Starr comes across a sage known as Yogurt (Mel Brooks) and learns about “The Schwartz,” Vespa is finally captured by Dark Helmet. It’s then up to Lone Starr to chase after Dark Helmet and use his newly acquired Schwarz powers to save the day.

Year: 1980
Rating: PG
Length: 88 minutes / 1.47 hours

Sometimes parodies don’t necessarily poke fun at a single popular film. Sometimes these parodies cover many films within a genre. Sure, with as many Dracula films as there are, you’d expect to see a Mel Brooks film like Dracula: Dead and Loving It (1995). But for each of these films, you’d have parodies for high box office grossing films like Top Gun (1986) that was parodied in Hot Shots! (1991). However, with no Top Gun sequel, the Hot Shots! sequel (Part Deux (1993)) had to resort to parodying war films in general. Likewise, the Naked Gun series was a spinoff of the Police Squad! parodies of the “cop drama” genre. Even animated films are not immune, as shown by the parody that is Shrek (2001). And yet, in the 1970s, the “disaster” genre really took off, thus providing plenty of fuel for the cult classic that is Airplane! (1980).

On a flight from Los Angeles to Chicago, an in-flight meal causes the flight crew and many of the passengers to become ill due to food poisoning. With nobody to fly the plane, flight attendant Elaine Dickinson (Julie Hagerty) contacts the control tower in Chicago, where she learns that the inflatable autopilot should get them to Chicago, but is unable to land the plane. Fortunately, Elaine’s former boyfriend, Ted Striker (Robert Hays), is a former fighter pilot and is also one of the passengers on the plane. Unfortunately, he has PTSD from his military service and has developed a “drinking problem,” as well as an aversion to flying, as a result. It’s now up to Ted’s former commanding officer, Rex Kramer (Robert Stack), to help him land the plane safely at Chicago. While the introduction of his former commanding officer causes some PTSD for Ted, the weather also creates a wrinkle in the landing. Will Ted safely land?

2 sum it up: 2 films, 2 perfect parodies

#341. Harrison Ford

If you don’t know who Harrison Ford is, then you’ve likely never seen any number of successful or timeless classics. While Ford has been in many thrillers and dramas, including Best Picture nominees American Graffiti (1973), The Conversation (1974), Apocalypse Now! (1979), Witness (1985) (wherein he obtained his one and only Best Actor Oscar nomination), and The Fugitive (1993), he is perhaps best known for his leading roles in such franchises as Star Wars and Indiana Jones (both of which also obtained Best Picture nominations over the years). He’s so recognizable that it’s sometimes shocking to find his appearance altered in movies like 42 (2013), only to eventually recognize that trademark smirk and gravelly voice and know it’s really Harrison Ford. This week’s two films highlight some of the best roles of Harrison Ford.

Blade RunnerBlade Runner
Year: 1982
Rating: R
Length: 117 minutes / 1.95 hours

The sci-fi genre has been kind to Harrison Ford, offering him many memorable roles throughout the years. Not only has Han Solo from Star Wars: A New Hope (1977) been placed as #14 on the American Film Institute’s list of Top 50 heroes, but the role has been repeated by Ford in the sequels, The Empire Strikes Back (1980), Return of the Jedi (1983), and The Force Awakens (2015). While Han Solo is certainly iconic, Ford doesn’t bring him into his other roles, like Colonel Hyrum Graff in Ender’s Game (2013), thus showing he has a certain amount of range when it comes to his sci-fi characters. Of course, some of this is dictated by the movie itself. The cyberpunk-inspired Blade Runner (1982), and its sequel, Blade Runner 2049 (2017), have a darker tone than his other sci-fi roles, and he adapts the character of Rick Deckard to fit the theme.

Rick Deckard (Harrison Ford) is put on task as a Blade Runner to track down four androids who have recently arrived on Earth. Androids aren’t allowed on Earth, having been relegated to the outer worlds of the human empire, so their presence in Los Angeles is illegal. While most androids can be identified via an “emotion test” known as the “Voight-Kampff,” some of these newer models have figured out how to outsmart it. With this added challenge, Rick manages to find these androids as they search for their “maker,” Tyrell Corporation founder Eldon Tyrell (Joe Turkel). Along the way, Rick learns from the androids’ leader, Roy Batty (Rutger Hauer), that they want to live longer than the four-year lifespan the androids have been given. As sentience and humanity become increasingly ambiguous, Rick continues to fulfill his duties as a Blade Runner and eliminate the android threats.

Raiders of the Lost ArkRaiders of the Lost Ark
Year: 1981
Rating: PG
Length: 115 minutes / 1.92 hours

George Lucas really liked working with Harrison Ford. Not only was he cast in Star Wars, but he was also included in Lucas’ breakout film, American Graffiti (1973). Obviously, Ford made an impression, because he was eventually given the titular role of Indiana Jones in Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981). A role he went on to repeat in Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984), Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), and Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008). It’s no wonder that Indiana Jones was placed at #2 on the American Film Institute’s list of Top 50 heroes, only bested by Gregory Peck’s Atticus Finch from To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). Time will tell if the fifth installment in the Indiana Jones franchise will recreate the magic of the original Raiders of the Lost Ark, but it hopefully isn’t as bad as Crystal Skull, which almost feels serious next to the camp of Cowboys & Aliens (2011).

After a failed expedition in Peru, Indiana Jones (Harrison Ford) returns to his academic job at Marshall College where he teaches archaeology. Following one of his lectures, two men from Army Intelligence approach Dr. Jones and inform him of a plot by the Nazis to obtain the fabled Ark of the Covenant. They want him to go to Egypt to try and find this artifact before the enemy does. After a short stop in Nepal to recover a piece of the Staff of Ra, Jones makes his way to Egypt and uses his archeological knowledge to find the Ark amongst a Nazi excavation site. Unfortunately, the Nazis intercept Jones and take the Ark away, leaving him in a pit of snakes. Using some ingenuity, Jones escapes and intercepts the Nazis again, but fails to stop them from testing the artifact. Fortunately, the power of the Ark is too much for the Nazis to handle and Jones manages to safely return it to the United States.

2 sum it up: 2 films, 2 fantastic Harrison Ford roles

Bacon #: 2 (Apocalypse Now! / Robert Duvall -> Jayne Mansfield’s Car / Kevin Bacon)

#329. George Lucas

For a director who has only directed six films in his career, George Lucas is one of the most recognizable names in the industry. Of course, this is also partly because his film studio, Lucasfilm, is responsible for the Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises. When the main draw of a movie is the visuals and sounds involved with immersing the viewer in the world of the film, it’s no wonder that Industrial Light & Magic and Skywalker Sound are the great workhorses of Lucasfilm. What is almost ironic about George Lucas’ career is that, while he has written more films than he has directed, many actors and fans find the dialogue in these films to be clunky at best. Love him or hate him, George Lucas has made an indelible mark on film and on pop culture. This week’s two films highlight some of the best products of George Lucas’ career.

Star Wars: A New HopeStar Wars: A New Hope
Year: 1977
Rating: PG
Length: 121 minutes / 2.02 hours

The film that launched a thousand starships, Star Wars (1977) was an amazing, technical feat we almost take for granted today. Most of the practical effects in this film, both on the ground and in space, have rarely been lived up to. While he didn’t direct The Empire Strikes Back (1980) or Return of the Jedi (1983), he did write each of them to maintain his vision of the Star Wars universe. George was back in the director’s chair for the prequel trilogy, writing and directing all three films in this less-than-exemplary follow-on to the cult hit he had created decades before. Despite not winning any Oscars from the original Star Wars, he was nominated for Best Director and Best Writing for his efforts. Strangely enough, both Harrison Ford and Alec Guinness did not like Lucas’ writing, especially for their dialogue.

A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, Princess Leia (Carrie Fisher) of the Rebel Alliance is trying to get the plans for the Death Star into her compatriots’ hands but is captured in the process. Fortunately, her droids manage to track down Obi-Wan Kenobi (Alec Guinness), who charters a spaceship to travel to Alderaan with his new compatriot, Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill). Flying in the Millennium Falcon, piloted by Han Solo (Harrison Ford), the group arrive to find the planet destroyed by the Death Star. After being captured by the moon-like weapon, they manage to rescue the Princess and escape despite the loss of Kenobi at the hands of Darth Vader (David Prowse/James Earl Jones). Now that the Rebels know the weakness of the Death Star, they launch an assault on the weapon to destroy it for good.

American GraffitiAmerican Graffiti
Year: 1973
Rating: PG
Length: 110 minutes / 1.83 hours

It’s almost odd to think that the man who brought the world Star Wars was the same one who also wrote and directed American Graffiti (1973). Earning his first Best Director and Best Writing Oscar nominations for this film, American Graffiti was George Lucas’ breakout success, even if it wasn’t his first film. Distinctly different in genre and tone from his very first film, THX 1138 (1971), American Graffiti examined a coming-of-age story set in a time of transition between high school and college. Perhaps due to its relatability to anyone who has ever been a teenager, this film has managed to place as high as #62 on the American Film Institute’s Top 100 movies list. Unfortunately, the sequel, More American Graffiti (1979) failed to live up to its original, much like the Star Wars prequels would in years to come.

After graduating high school earlier that year, a group of teens set out to have one last “hurrah” on the final day of summer vacation. Each of them has different destinations and dreams, many of them revolving around attending college in the next few days. In their last moments together before continuing their life elsewhere, these teens set out to drive around their hometown of Modesto, California looking for a good time. While some of them find missed opportunities, others take risks that have life-changing effects on their future plans. Each one of them realizes their childhood will soon be over, so they do the best they can to live it up in those final moments before flying away to attend college, get a job, or go to war. In the end, many of their decisions are based on love, which makes for a series of challenging goodbyes.

2 sum it up: 2 films, 2 great George Lucas movies

Bacon #: 2 (Hook / Phil Collins -> Balto / Kevin Bacon)

#328. Alec Guinness

When it comes to acting, the Shakespearian actor is often seen as the epitome of the profession. Being able to bring the Bard’s work to life on the stage requires a vast amount of skill and talent if it is to be done correctly. While many of these actors will remain in this highest form of thespian art, some take their skills to other mediums. Of course, because of this Shakespearian background, many of these actors who do start to perform in movies are quite selective about the films they decide to make. Often, they will stick to Shakespearian adaptations, since that’s mostly what they already know. But sometimes, the allure of a nice, big paycheck can get these actors to perform in pieces they do not fully endorse. This week’s two films highlight some moments from Shakespearian actor Alec Guinness’ career.

Doctor ZhivagoDoctor Zhivago
Year: 1965
Rating: Approved
Length: 197 minutes / 3.28 hours

Alec Guinness’ acting talent is undeniable, which is at least in part due to his regular collaboration with director David Lean. Even with supporting roles in films like Great Expectations (1946), Oliver Twist (1948), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965), and A Passage to India (1984), the combination of the British actor and British director worked well. They would both would win an Academy Award for Best Director and Actor, respectively, for their work on The Bridge on the River Kwai (1958). Of course, this was only five years after Guinness was nominated for Best Actor for his work in The Lavender Hill Mob (1951). He even won an honorary Oscar in 1980 “For advancing the art of screen acting through a host of memorable and distinguished performances.” While he would be nominated for Best Supporting Actor twice in his career, he really made his mark in his supporting roles like in Doctor Zhivago.

Years after the Russian Revolution that brought communism into power, General Yevgraf Zhivago (Alec Guinness) is using his military connections to find his niece, the daughter of his half-brother, Yuri Zhivago (Omar Sharif). When he finds a young woman he believes to fit the description, he tells her of her parents’ lives. While Yevgraf was always a military man, Yuri was a poet in the body of a doctor. Through the events of an attack on a peaceful demonstration, Yuri first meets Lara (Julie Christie). When World War I arrives, Yevgraf is sent to fight while Yuri and Lara work for the army as doctor and nurse, respectively, and fall in love. After wars and revolutions pass, Yevgraf now works for the communist military and warns Yuri that his poetry is now condemned by the new regime. After getting Yuri to safety, Yevgraf finds that his half-brother’s poetry affected many people, albeit years later.

Star Wars: A New HopeStar Wars: A New Hope
Year: 1977
Rating: PG
Length: 121 minutes / 2.02 hours

Do actors have regrets? Sure they do, and Alec Guinness is no different. While he praised the special effects and technical aspects of Star Wars (1977), he absolutely hated the dialogue (amongst other factors). Even though the film netted him his first Best Supporting Actor nomination, Guinness loathed that it was essentially the only film most people knew him from. Because of his hesitations, he was quite the shrewd businessman and managed to get a sizeable payday and a good chunk of the royalties for his work on the film. Always the professional actor, he did the part and interacted with everyone involved courteously, despite regretting the attention he received after the films entered into the realm of “fandom.” In fact, Guinness himself wanted his character killed off in the first film so he wouldn’t have to play him as much in the later parts of the franchise.

Obi-Wan Kenobi (Alec Guinness) is an old hermit who lives in the remote areas of the desert planet Tatooine. One day, he finds a familiar droid by the name of R2-D2 and learns that the Rebel Alliance, led by Princess Leia (Carrie Fisher), needs his help to get the plans of a devastating weapon to their headquarters on Alderaan. Deciding to comply with Leia’s request, he also enlists the help of Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill), who initially found R2-D2 and is the son of his former protégé, Darth Vader (David Prowse/James Earl Jones). Upon chartering a ride to Alderaan on the Millennium Falcon, the sudden disappearance of the planet causes them to be captured by the Galactic Empire on the Death Star. Kenobi allows the Falcon to escape, but at the cost of his life. Now that the Rebels have the Death Star plans, Luke sets out to assist them in destroying the moon-sized weapon.

2 sum it up: 2 films, 2 great Alec Guinness performances

Bacon #: 2 (Kafka / Theresa Russell -> Wild Things / Kevin Bacon)

#283. Ewan McGregor

When does an actor become recognizable? Is it when they are cast in a series of films beloved by their respective fandoms? Is it when they have an award-winning performance? Is it when they have appeared in enough films that they just “become known”? It seems the convergence of two or more of these factors are what usually thrust an actor across the threshold of being an “unknown” to being a recognizable name in Hollywood. Whatever the specific reason, Ewan McGregor is a recognizable actor today. Maybe it was from his role as Obi-Wan Kenobi in the Star Wars prequel trilogy? Maybe it was from being in an Oscar-nominated film or two? Maybe it was from the long list of acting credits to his name. This week’s two films highlight some of the roles that made Ewan McGregor a recognizable actor.

Moulin Rouge!Moulin Rouge!
Year: 2001
Rating: PG-13
Length: 127 minutes / 2.12 hours

In the world of film, sometimes acting isn’t enough. The most versatile actors can sing and dance, but these skills can likely be taught so that an actor can fill the role they were meant to play. For Ewan McGregor, he clearly has a recognizable voice, as shown by a few animated films that utilized his voice acting talent. Robots (2005) and Valiant (2005) put McGregor in the lead role for their respective films, but this was at least four years after he truly proved his vocal prowess. There have been quite a few films (and even films about these types of films) where an actor or actress has their singing voice dubbed over (West Side Story (1961) being a prime example of this). In Moulin Rouge! (2001), it is clear the actors are using their own voices to sing. McGregor’s distinctive voice would definitely present a challenge to be dubbed over, that much is certain.

A cross between love at first sight and a case of mistaken identities, Christian (Ewan McGregor) finds himself smitten with Satine (Nicole Kidman), the star of the Moulin Rouge. The confusion came when Christian was at the dance hall to pitch an idea for his theatre friends and Satine thought he was the mysterious Duke of Monroth (Richard Roxburgh). Unfortunately, once the air was cleared, the damage was already done. Christian and Satine fall in love, but now the financial future of the Moulin Rouge is in jeopardy, seeing as the Duke wants Satine for himself if he is to provide his patronage to the dance hall. On the surface, Satine agrees to this, but only on the condition that Christian’s play is performed. But what Christian and the Duke don’t know is that Satine is dying from tuberculosis, a disease made worse by her singing in the play.

Year: 1996
Rating: R
Length: 94 minutes / 1.56 hours

Years before Ewan McGregor did his best Alec Guinness impression in Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace (1999), he showed that he had the physical dedication to his roles in Trainspotting (1996). Obviously, the type of body training needed for action films like Star Wars and The Island (2005) is different than losing a lot of weight to play a heroin addict, but the commitment is still the same. And while Trainspotting definitely had its trippy moments, much like Big Fish (2003) would later in McGregor’s career; it was still delightfully dark with its comedy. We’ve seen McGregor come back to the dark comedy with I Love You Phillip Morris (2009) and The Men Who Stare at Goats (2009), but I, for one, am curious if this year’s Trainspotting 2 (2017) will continue the unique look at drugs that its predecessor did 20 years ago.

Mark Renton (Ewan McGregor) is just one of a group of heroin addicts who have become friends. Of his own volition, he decides to go off of heroin, but does so via opium in an incident that takes place in “the worst toilet in Scotland.” Once the withdrawal ends, he hooks up with a girl who happened to be underage, thus pushing him back into heroin. In this daze, Renton and his friends end up killing the infant daughter of Allison (Susan Vidler) through sheer neglect. While the rest of the crew gets in trouble for shoplifting, Renton is pardoned with the caveat that he has to get clean. Unfortunately, this causes him to overdose, and his family locks him in his childhood room to endure the withdrawal symptoms, including hallucinations. Now that he’s on the road to recovery, the gang wants to get back together for one last drug deal that could net them a lot of money. Renton obliges but ends up having the last laugh.

2 sum it up: 2 films, 2 excellent Ewan McGregor performances

Bacon #: 2 (Valiant / John Cleese -> The Big Picture / Kevin Bacon)

#210. The Underdog

Perhaps the most-used cliché in Hollywood, the Underdog never ceases to attract audiences. Why is this? I think the reason behind the popularity of an Underdog story is due to its relatability. Most underdogs are unequipped to challenge the more-skilled favorites of a competition. The Underdog always has some sort of “too” associated with them that prevents them from coming up against a fair fight: too young, too old, too weak, too poor. Despite these disadvantages, they still manage to stand up and take their opponents head-on. All too often, we are reminded of our shortcomings. We are reminded of the strengths of others. We all want the Underdog to win because we are the Underdog. We are inspired to overcome our circumstances as long as we see that it can be done. This week’s two films focus on Underdogs.

Year: 1976
Rating: PG
Length: 119 minutes / 1.98 hours

A surprising amount of sports films focus on the Underdog. In fact, I’d almost wager they all do. Usually, the team with the greatest odds to win is the team with the most money, the most skill, the most talent, and the most black uniforms. And yet, even with all these factors in their favor, this team will not win at the end of the film. Sure, they’ll beat the Underdog the first time they cross paths, but this just gives the Underdog’s victory that much more of an impact. Many boxing films have featured Underdogs, including Million Dollar Baby (2004) with a woman who was too old, Cinderella Man (2005) with a man who was too poor, and Battling Butler (1926) with a man who was too weak. While the latter of this list is the most comedic of the set (and thus, the odd man out), the best-known Underdog boxer is that of Rocky Balboa from the 1976 Best Picture, Rocky. This classic Underdog story is a staple of the American Film Institute’s Top 100 list, currently placed at #57.

Heavyweight champion Apollo Creed (Carl Weathers) is looking forward to the World Heavyweight Championship bout set to take place during New Year’s Day on America’s Bicentennial. Unfortunately, the contender has to bow out due to an injured hand, giving Creed a conundrum: nobody else has enough time to train for the match. As a result, he has an idea: let an unknown boxer, an Underdog, fight him instead. Enter Rocky Balboa (Sylvester Stallone): a nobody who is nicknamed “The Italian Stallion.” Rocky doesn’t think he can beat Creed but still wants to give it his all. He wants to “go the distance” with Creed because nobody else has. When the fight starts, nobody could expect Balboa to last to the final round, but he does, refusing to be knocked out. Even though he technically lost, the simple act of just hanging on made Rocky the winner of the film.

Real SteelReal Steel
Year: 2011
Rating: PG-13
Length: 127 minutes / 2.12 hours

The sports genre hasn’t completely cornered the market on Underdogs. Fantasy and science fiction often feature the Underdog, which perhaps explains a little bit about their fan-base. Frodo from The Lord of the Rings (2001-2003) was not the best candidate to destroy the ring of power. Katniss Everdeen from The Hunger Games (2012-2015) was from the weakest and poorest District. The Rebels from Star Wars (1977-1983) were too insignificant to defeat the Empire. And yet, all of these characters, amongst many others, all overcame their perceived weaknesses and managed to accomplish their goals, even against the overwhelming forces pitted against them. Of course, sometimes genres can cross boundaries. Science fiction is rife with robots and Underdogs. Sports films have boxers and Underdogs. By combining these two genres at their common points, we arrive at Real Steel (2011).

This 2011 science fiction sports film has been jokingly referred to as Rock ‘Em Sock ‘Em Robots: the Movie as well as Rocky with Robots. Having been pushed out of his boxing career by robots, Charlie Kenton (Hugh Jackman) has now hit rock bottom: losing a bet that his robot could beat a live bull. To top things off, he now finds himself another $100,000 in debt because he wants full custody of his son, Max (Dakota Goyo), whose mother has just died. Through a series of robots fights (and destroyed robots), Max and Charlie eventually bond over a sparring robot found in a junkyard. Atom is not expected to win, but because it has a unique ability to mimic its owner’s movements, Charlie teaches the robot how to fight. Eventually, Charlies is able to pit the Underdog against the global champion, Zeus. In much the same fashion as Rocky, Atom lasts the whole bout, but doesn’t technically win, despite being the “People’s Champion.”

2 sum it up: 2 films, 2 ubiquitous underdogs

#201. Max von Sydow

Not all actors come from North America. Hollywood has an irresistible pull that brings in many actors from all parts of the globe, thus Americanizing them and exposing them to American audiences. Some actors will spend some time working on their craft in their home countries. If they are successful in doing so, it is likely they won’t stay there long. Everyone desires to be famous, so when Hollywood comes knocking, most will answer that call as fast as they can. However, there are a select few who resist the pull of Hollywood and instead make a mark on their native film landscape. This sort of national pride is somewhat rare, but one of the actors who has epitomized this trait is Max von Sydow. While he did eventually come to America, he made sure to leave a lasting impression on his native land. This week’s two films look at Sydow’s work in the U.S. and Sweden.

                                      Extremely Loud and Incredibly CloseExtremely Loud and Incredibly Close
Year: 2011
Rating: PG-13
Length: 129 minutes / 2.15 hours

1965 marked the arrival of Max von Sydow in American films with The Greatest Story Ever Told, wherein he portrayed Jesus Christ. Because he didn’t yet have partnerships with directors like he did in Sweden, his work was quite diverse. From the protagonist of The Exorcist (1973) to a Bond villain in Never Say Never Again (1983) to Liet-Kynes in Dune (1984) to PreCrime’s Director in Minority Report (2002), Sydow has managed to age gracefully through his numerous roles. His latest role in this winter’s Star Wars: Episode VII (2015) will expose him to a fandom who idolizes many of its key actors. Of course, his acting skill has been nominated for an Oscar twice: first for his performance in Pelle the Conqueror (1987), and second, 24 years later, for Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close (2011).

A year after losing his father in the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center, Oskar Schell (Thomas Horn) finds that an old man (Max von Sydow) has moved in with his grandmother (Zoe Caldwell). The man does not speak but instead has the words “Yes” and “No” tattooed on his palms (a la The Night of the Hunter (1955)). Oskar starts bringing the old man along on the scavenger hunt his late father gave him, conquering several fears along the way. When he realizes the old man is probably his grandfather, Oskar plays the answering machine messages of his dead father, which causes the man to become emotional. This incident causes the old man to move out and tell Oskar to quit the scavenger hunt. Once it is revealed that the search was set up by Oskar’s mother, Linda Schell (Sandra Bullock), the grandfather eventually returns to live with Oskar’s grandmother.

The Seventh SealThe Seventh Seal
Year: 1957
Rating: Not Rated
Length: 96 minutes / 1.6 hours

Sydow’s early career started in 1949, but it wasn’t until 1957 that his acting really flourished. This was due to his partnership with director Ingmar Bergman. In total, Bergman directed 11 films with Max in the cast. Films like Wild Strawberries (1957), The Brink of Life (1958), The Virgin Spring (1960), and Through a Glass Darkly (1961) gave Sydow the chance to show Scandinavian audiences his acting skills. There’s no doubt that Hollywood took notice, but he managed to resist its pull, taking full advantage of the partnership with Bergman. Of course, most of these films pale in comparison to the first collaboration these two masterminds created: The Seventh Seal (1957). The scenes of Death playing chess are some of the most recognized scenes in all of European cinema, if not in the entire world.

Antonius Block (Max von Sydow) is a knight who just returned to Sweden following his service in the Crusades. Finding his home country is now plague-ridden, Block encounters Death (Bengt Ekerot) and challenges him to a chess match to delay his inevitable demise. As the knight heads back to his castle, he and his squire, Jöns (Gunnar Björnstrand), run across some actors. Heading into a church, Block gives his confession that he wants to perform “one meaningful deed” to a priest who turns out to be Death. After enjoying a picnic lunch with the actors he met earlier, Block invites them to his castle. Along the way, Block encounters Death in a few more forms, eventually finishing their chess game. As a last-ditch effort, Block swipes the pieces off the board, which gives the actors just enough time to escape Death’s grasp, the final checkmate sealing the knight’s fate.

2 sum it up: 2 films, 2 spectacular Sydow performances

Bacon #: 2 (Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close / Tom Hanks -> Apollo 13 / Kevin Bacon)